Ledig stilling ved Norsk institutt for naturforskning

PhD fellowship in forest soil and dead wood communities in a climate change and management context

Deadline: 14.04.2020

NINA

NINA is among Norway’s largest applied ecology research institutes with more than 280 employees. NINA conducts research within the natural and social sciences that are related to the interactions between humans and nature. NINA seeks to conduct both basic and applied research of very high quality and of high relevance for real world application. The main office of NINA is in Trondheim, and there are research units also in Oslo, Lillehammer, Bergen and Tromsø.

Boreal forest ecosystems are home to very species rich communities of fungi, animals and bacteria, with functions, such as decomposition, that are of critical importance for the ecosystem. With the climate changing at an unprecedented rate, the forest soil and dead wood communities evolved here and adapted to the cool climate of previous centuries and millennia, are changing.

The climate induced changes are taking place parallel to changes in land use and management, with potentially interactive and cumulative effects on forest communities. Species responses to change in their environment depends on their traits, and dissimilar responses may therefore lead to changes in functional diversity of forest communities, with potential consequences for the ecosystem functions the affected species participate in. Community functions are also important for climate, through the regulation of the carbon cycle between dead organic matter and the atmosphere. We are recruiting a PhD fellow to study climate change and management effects on forest soil and dead wood communities in terms of biodiversity and functional roles experimentally in real forest ecosystems in Norway, in the project ‘ForBioFunCtioN: Functional responses of forest soil biota to climate change and biochar: ecosystem carbon budget, soil condition and management implications’.

The ForBioFunCtioN project

Understanding the effects of climate change on biodiversity and processes in our ecosystems is a first necessary step for optimal societal mitigation and adaptation to climate change. The project ForBioFunCtioN will investigate how climate change, biochar and fertiliser application influence natural communities of fungi, bacteria, soil fauna and ground vegetation in boreal spruce forests in terms of species richness, functional diversity and functions that are connected to critical ecosystem processes such as the carbon and nitrogen cycles. By establishing climate manipulation experiment in different forests, we will quantify the climate-induced changes in greenhouse gas emissions from soils and dead wood, and establish the relevance of these changes for the forest carbon budget, utilising eddy-covariate measurements from ICOS Norway. The project aims to predict future forest carbon budgets that include both the future changes caused by climate and the testing of a novel climate-change mitigation tool, i.e. application of biochar to forest soils. The effects of biochar addition on soil biota, soil properties and soil processes will be studied both in current climate and in conditions corresponding to future climate. The effect of biochar application will be compared with the effects of fertiliser application, as biochar is expected to improve soil nutrient status so that the need for forest fertilisation becomes reduced. Based on our results and literature review, we will evaluate which soil properties are suitable as indicators of soil condition. Our project may reveal trends of global importance that can be difficult to overturn after the changes have taken place, such as loss of soil carbon to the atmosphere in a warming climate. Early detection enables targeted and efficient actions to safeguard the species or properties with the greatest impact on ecosystem processes. We will produce knowledge necessary for the design of evidence-based conservation and management schemes as well as policy development.

About the Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA; the host institute)

NINA is among Norway’s largest applied ecology research institutes with more than 280 employees. NINA conducts research within the natural and social sciences that are related to the interactions between humans and nature. NINA seeks to conduct both basic and applied research of very high quality and of high relevance for real world application. The main office of NINA is in Trondheim, and there are research units also in Oslo, Lillehammer, Bergen and Tromsø. This position will be based in NINA’s Oslo research unit.

NINA's research unit in Oslo has over 40 researchers from a diversity of disciplinary backgrounds including ecology, geography, economics and social sciences, and from a diversity of nationalities. The unit NINA Oslo will from the beginning of June be situated in Ullevålsveien 68, close to the University of Oslo and Oslo Science Park. The PhD fellow will be connected to a large research project, ForBioFunCtioN, based at NINA and funded by the Research Council of Norway. The interdisciplinary project team includes 12 researchers, two PhD students and a forestry expert. Six team members are based in Oslo or its vicinity.

About the Department of Biosciences, University of Oslo (the university affiliation)

The Department of Biosciences (IBV) research focuses on understanding the fundamental biological processes from molecular and cellular level to population and ecosystem level. The research spans from the global systems to the smallest molecule in the body and develop the understanding of processes in nature. This understanding is important for policy makers regarding climate and environmental issues, to the development of better medicines and health services. The Department has 130 employees, and about 175 PhD students and postdocs/researchers. The position will be affiliated with the Section for Genetics and Evolutionary Biology (EVOGENE), University of Oslo, where PhD Research fellow will be part of the Oslo Mycology Group, an active re-search group investigating fungal evolution, fungal diversity and fungal ecology from a genetic or genomic perspective. Håvard Kauserud, one of the two supervisors of the PhD, is an expert in molecular ecology, high-throughput sequencing datasets and climate change impacts on soil fungi.

Job description

The PhD fellow will be employed at NINA Oslo. He/she will also be enrolled at the Department of Biosciences, University of Oslo. The PhD fellow will write a PhD thesis on community-level responses to climate change, biochar and management, supervised by Jenni Nordén (NINA) and Håvard Kauserud (University of Oslo). The PhD fellow is expected to lead the monitoring of communities in soil and dead wood in a climate manipulation experiment, involving also management treatments (forestry, nitrogen fertiliser application, biochar), in real forest ecosystems in Norway. Treatment effects on species richness and diversity, functional diversity and biomass in soil and dead wood will be revealed, and related to changes in carbon emission (another PhD project) and changes in soil properties. Seventy-five per cent of the work time is connected to ForBioFunCtioN. The remaining 25% will be covered by work in other NINA projects, or by teaching at the University of Oslo.

Required qualifications:

• Master degree in either biology, ecology or environmental sciences, preferably with a special interest in environmental issues.

• Experience with high-throughput sequence data processing and analysis, as well as with laboratory analyses using mycological and/or molecular techniques will be considered an advantage.

• Experience with statistics and programming (R).

• We expect that the candidate acquires sufficient language skills in one Scandinavian language (preferably Norwegian).

• Fluent English language skills.

Characteristics

You are dedicated, ambitious, enthusiastic and have good analytical and communication skills and cooperative qualities. You are genuinely interested in the research topic and aim at doing high-quality research and writing high-impact publications. You are flexible in terms of varied tasks. You like both working in teams, including leading them, and doing more independent work. You have a high working capacity.

Terms of employment

We offer:

• Full time research employment for four years (August/September 2020 – July/August 2024).

• Salary NOK 479 600-504 700 (lønnstrinn 54-57).• Flexible working hours.

• Good pension and insurance schemes.

• A welcoming and inspiring working environment.

• Good opportunities for professional development.

NINA has a personnel policy objective that the staff must reflect the composition of the population to the greatest possible extent. NINA would like to increase the percentage of female scientists within the institute. Women are encouraged to apply for this position. When two applicants are considered equally strong, preference will be given to the female candidate.

For further information, please contact:

The application should contain:

• A one-page letter where the candidate explains their motivation for applying for this PhD fellow position and a brief description of the scientific relevance of the candidate’s education, work and research experience.

• A CV including a list of publications (if relevant) with bibliographical references and contact details (telephone and e-mail) for three references.

The application must be submitted in English or Norwegian. The application should be submitted by e-mail to [email protected] A selection of the candidates will be interviewed via Skype or equivalent.

Dead line for application: 14th of April 2020.